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Original Research Article
SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN THE LOCATION OF MAXILLARY SINUS AND MANDIBULAR CANALAuthor Name: Shahin KA, Laxmikanth Chatra, Prashanth Shenai, Veena KM, Prasanna Kumar Rao, Rachana V Prabhu
Abstract: Back ground: It is important to evaluate the bone thickness, bone density, location of vital anatomic structures and also height and width of the jaws in many dental clinical situations especially in implant placement and forensic applications. Further, sexual dimorphisms differ widely and thus the quality and quantity of the bone and anatomic location also vary and will have an impact on various dental surgical procedures.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the sexual dimorphism in the anatomic location of the vital structures like maxillary sinus and mandibular canal in the jaws by using linear tomography.Methods and methodology: The mean location of the maxillary sinus and the mandibular canal from the alveolar crest of posterior teeth was done on 90 healthy dentulous patients divided in the two equally divided groups (males=45 and females=45) by using cross sectional linear tomograms.
Results: The results showed the mean distance of the location of maxillary sinus and the mandibular canal with respect to the alveolar crest in males and females.
Conclusion: This study proved that there was a high significance in the location of the mandibular canal in relation to the alveolar crest between males and females though there was no significance in the location of the maxillary sinus.
Keywords: Maxillary sinus, mandibular canal, alveolar crest, cross sectional radiograph, implant planning.
THE ORAL HEALTH RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE BEFORE AND AFTER WEARING COMPLETE DENTURES FABRICATED BY DENTAL UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN A DENTAL COLLEGE IN KOTHAMANGALAM - A SIX MONTHS FOLLOW-UP STUDYAuthor Name: Pius A V, Sanjeev R, Meenu Merry C Paul, Suneesh Kuruvilla, Subramaniam R
Abstract: Background: Inappropriate treatment of edentulousness using total prostheses may lead to not only impaired buccal function and increased alveolar bone loss, but also increased patient self-consciousness. Patient satisfaction also depends on technical and patient related variables. In dental institutions, majority of the dentures are fabricated by dental students. The Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP) scale assesses the impact of oral health on an individual’s daily life.
Objectives: To assessing the oral health related quality of life before and after wearing complete dentures fabricated by dental undergraduate students in a dental college in Kothamangalam.
Methodology: The study was a longitudinal questionnaire based survey. The target population was the patients visiting the Department of Prosthodontics in a dental college in Kothamangalam, Kerala over a period of two months for complete denture placement. Only first time denture wearers were included in the study. Oral Impact on Daily Performance Scale was used for assessing the OHRQoL. The assessment was made before and 6months after wearing the dentures.
Results: Among the 56 participants, 29 were males. It was observed that there was a significant reduction in difficulty of performing all the eight daily performances six month after wearing dentures in relation to before wearing dentures. No significant difference was found in relation to gender and age group.
Conclusion: The study revealed that six months after wearing the dentures fabricated by students, there was a significant improvement in the OHRQoL of the study participants, with no significant difference in relation to gender and age group of the respondents.
Keywords: OHRQoL, edentulousness, Oral impact on daily performances
GO GREEN PERIODONTICSAuthor Name: Sugumari Elavarasu, Arthiie Thangavelu, Jayashakthi Saravanan, Mohammed Shereef
Abstract: There are many ways to treat and manage periodontal diseases, one among them is the natural remedy of using herbs in prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases .Various herbal products and their extracts such as aloe vera, neem, turmeric, green tea,etc., have been used as herbal remedies forthe treatment of periodontal diseases. Our paper provides a review of potent herbal remedies being used worldwide for the treatment and prevention of periodontal diseases.
Keywords: Herbal remedies, Periodontal diseases, Non-surgical therapy
OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA (OSA) - AN OVER VIEWAuthor Name: Sanu Tom Abraham, Meenu Merry C Paul
Abstract: Sleep apnea is a condition that develops from the obstruction of the upper airway during sleep and necessitates awakening to resume breathing. This article gives an overview of the types, clinical features, etiology, various diagnostic methods and management of Obstructive sleep apnea including mandibular advancement device and surgical techniques.
Keywords: Sleep apnea syndromes; Snoring;Orthodontic appliances; Diagnosis; Therapy.
AUTOIMMUNITY - A BRIEF INSIGHTAuthor Name: Jithin Jose, Ambika K , Niveditha Baiju, Pramod Mathews, Skariah KS
Abstract: Autoimmunity is characterized by the reaction of cells (autoreactive T lymphocytes) or products (autoantibodies) of the immune system against the organism’s own antigens (autoantigen). It may be part of the physiological immune response (natural autoimmunity) or pathologiically induced, which may eventually lead to development of clinical abnormalities (autoimmune disease).Different mechanisms are involved in the induction and progression of autoimmunity. These include genetic or acquired defects in immune tolerance or immune regulatory pathways, molecular mimicry to viral or bacterial protein, an impaired clearance of apoptotic cell material.
Keywords: Autoimmunity, Immunity
A REVIEW OF MAXILLOFACIAL PROSTHESIS MATERIALSAuthor Name: Shilpa Joseph, Pius AV, Seema George, Cinil Mathew
Abstract: A facial prosthesis restores normal anatomy and appearance, protects the tissues of a defect, and provides great psychological benefits to the patient. Materials for facial prostheses over the years include latex, polymethacrylates, polyvinylchlorides, chlorinated polyethylene, polyurethanes, silphenylene and silicone elastomers. Selection of a material for a facial restoration more often is dependent on the individual experiences and preferences of the clinician.
Keywords: maxillofacial, prosthesis, methacrylate, silicone
PALATO- RADICULAR GROOVE AND LOCALIZED PERIODONTITIS: A rare case reportAuthor Name: Sugumari Elavarasu, Thangakumaran Suthanthiran, Arthiie Thangavelu, Saranya Selvaraj
Abstract: Periodontitis is an immuno inflammatory disorder caused mainly by microorganisms. Various tooth developmental anomalies occur in maxillary anterior tooth region. One such abnormality is palato-radicular groove, which is most commonly found in maxillary and mandibular anterior. Numerous studies correlate the relation between palato radicular groove and localized periodontitis. This case report described the management of tooth with palate-radicular groove associated with localized periodontitis and dull intermittent pain. Groove and associated periodontitis was treated by open flap debridement along with sybograf placement and saucerization.
Keywords: Palato - radicular groove, Localized periodontitis, Saucerization, RVG
ESTHETICS BY ROOT SUBMERGENCE TECHNIQUE - A NOVEL APPROACHAuthor Name: Narendra Kumar Gupta, Devendra Chaudhary, Nitika Sachan, Pradyumna Misra
Abstract: The aesthetic around the teeth, pontic sand implants is determined by the volume and symmetry of the natural gingival contour. Osseous reduction following extraction of teeth results in unaesthetic bony concavities in aesthetic zone. This article describes a simple and effective method of retaining root stumps in the concerned area following endodontic treatment to preserve alveolar bone heights and aesthetics.
Keywords: Root submergence technique, Alveolar bone height, preservation.
PROSTHODONTIC MANAGEMENT OF MANDIBULAR DEVIATION USING PALATAL RAMP APPLIANCEAuthor Name: Binsu S, Meenu Merry C Paul, Pius AV, Cinil Mathew
Abstract: Segmental resection of the mandible commonly results in deviation of the mandible to the defective side. This loss of continuity of the mandible destroys the balance of the lower face and leads to decreased mandibular function by deviation of the residual segment toward the surgical site. Prosthetic methods advocated to reduce or eliminate mandibular deviation include intermaxillary fixation, removable mandibular guide flange, palatal ramp, implant-supported prosthesis with palatal guidance restorations which may be useful in reducing mandibular deviation and improving masticatory performance and efficiency. These methods and restorations would be combined with a well organized mandibular exercise regimen. This clinical report describes the rehabilitation following segmental mandibulectomy using palatal ramp prosthesis.
Keywords: mandibular deviation, Ramp appliance