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Original Research Article
PERCEIVED RISK AND AWARENESS OF HEPATITIS B AMONG THE MEDICAL AND DENTAL STUDENTS IN KERALAAuthor Name: Bindu V. Bhaskar, Kannadas P.K., Iris Valsan
Abstract: Background: The endemic nature of
Hepatitis B virus infection in India poses a greater occupational risk for the
health care professionals. The study assess the perceived risk and awareness of
Hepatitis B among undergraduate medical and dental students.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among 100 medical and dental students using a pretested questionnaire distributed during the class hours. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 16.0
Result: Adequate awareness regarding Hepatitis B was observed among both medical and dental students. Almost 63.8% of the medical students were aware that the infection can be asymptomatic (p ≤ 0.05). The modes of transmission like mother to child, contaminated blood and blood products and unsterile syringes/ needles or surgical instruments were equally reported by the two groups. The chances of transmission of the disease through contaminated water is less as reported by more than half of the medical students(56.3%). An equal number of participants perceived occupational risk of getting the disease. Both the group expressed their willingness to treat a patient diagnosed with Hepatitis B.
Conclusion: The present study observed that adequate awareness, greater perceived risk about Hepatitis B and positive attitude towards the care of infected patients among the study population.
Keywords: awareness, Hepatitis B, perceived risk
BIODENTINE- A REVIEW ARTICLE ON ITS CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND CLINICAL APPLICATIONS - A REVIEWAuthor Name: Dinesh Kammath, Jaleela K.P.
Abstract: Biodentine is a calcium-silicate based material that has drawn attention in recent years. It has been introduced by the Septodont Company in 2010 as the “the first all-in-one, bioactive and biocompatible material for damaged dentin replacement”. It is a second generation hydraulic calcium silicate material that is composed mainly of tricalcium silicate and it also contains zirconium oxide radiopacifier and some additives and has been advocated to be used in various clinical applications, such as root perforations, apexification, resorptions, retrograde fillings, pulp capping procedures. The purpose of this article is to review the clinical applications and advantages of biodentine over MTA in the operative endodontic procedures. Although number of materials like Amalgam, GIC, Composite and MTA are available in market for repair of dentin loss in tooth structure, none of these possesses ideal properties. Thus its major advantages and unique features gives biodentine, a great potential to revolutionize the different aspects of both the primary and permanent tooth in endodontics.
Keywords: Biodentine; Dentine Replacement; Composition; Setting reaction; Clinical Applications; MTA
POLY ETHER ETHER KETONE IN PROSTHODONTICSAuthor Name: Sukesh Panikkath
Abstract: With the introduction of computer aided designing and manufacturing techniques in dentistry, it has become possible to fabricate restorations, frameworks and appliances using modern biocompatible materials including alloys, ceramics and high-performance polymers. Poly Ether Ether Ketone (PEEK) is a colorless organic thermoplastic polymer in the Poly Aryl Ether Ketone (PAEK) family, with excellent mechanical and chemical resistance properties that are retained to high temperatures. It is highly resistant to thermal degradation as well as attack by both organic and aqueous environments. PEEK melts at a relatively high temperature (343°C) compared to most other thermoplastics. PEEK has the potential to be used in load-bearing dental applications as abutments, fixed prosthetic frameworks, removable partial denture frameworks including precision attachments, implants, maxillofacial prosthesis etc. The properties and various applications of PEEK as a viable alternative to conventional materials used in prosthodontics are thus described here.
Keywords: Poly ether ether ketone, PEEK
THE ART AND SCIENCE OF ERGONOMICS IN DENTISTRY: A REVIEWAuthor Name: Arif P. A., Karthika Menon, Renjana S.
Abstract: Ergonomics is an applied science concerned with designing products and procedures for maximum efficiency and safety. Musculoskeletal disorders caused or aggravated by the presence of one or any combination of the following risk factors: repetition, awkward or static postures, high forces, and contact stress. In dental clinics, there are very few activities that can cause sudden injuries, rather it is an accumulation of harmless working positions over months and years, which are repeated so often that they cause irreversible injuries
Keywords: Ergonomics, Musculoskeletal disorders, Exercises.
FIBROLIPOMA OF BUCCAL MUCOSA: - A RARE CASE REPORT AND LITERATURE REVIEWAuthor Name: Vinod Kumar R.B., Mahesh Narayanan, Justin Mathew, Jubin Thomas, Abina Ashok
Abstract: Lipomas are benign connective tissue tumors characterized histologically by presence of mature adipocytes. Fibrolilpoma is one among the variants of lipoma, which is a rare tumor in the orofacial region. Etiology of this lesion is still controversial. We are reporting a case of fibrolipoma of buccal mucosa with literature review of its clinical and histological features. The diagnosis and differentiation of fibrolipoma with similar lesions is necessary for the accurate treatment.
Keywords: Lipoma, Fibrolipoma
ORTHOPAEDIC CORRECTION OF SKELETAL CLASS III IN AN 8 YEAR OLD WITH PETIT FACE MASK AND PALATAL EXPANSION - A CASE REPORTAuthor Name: R. Rajesh, Nimmy Sabu, Nithya Annie Thomas
Abstract: The orthodontic treatment of class III malocclusion with a maxillary deficiency in often treated expansion. The following case report outlines the management of an 8 year old female patient with maxillary deficiency and a reverse overjet. Treatment was carried out with Petit face mask along with hyrax screw incorporated in maxillary acrylic plate followed by retention of Frankel III appliance.
Keywords: Face mask, maxillary deficiency, Palatal expansion
ADENOSQUAMOUS CARCINOMA OF HARD PALATE: A CASE REPORTAuthor Name: Dibin R., Sibi Joseph, Sobitha G.
Abstract: Adenosquamous carcinoma of the head and neck (ASC) is a rare and aggressive variant of squamous cell carcinoma, a locally aggressive malignancy characterized by the presence of two distinct components: a squamous cell carcinoma and an adenocarcinoma. The purpose of this article was to report an additional rare case of adenosquamous carcinoma affecting the maxilla.
Keywords: Adenosquamous carcinoma, oral cavity, hard palate , maxilla
IDIOPATHIC FACIAL PARALYSIS AND TENS THERAPY: A CASE REPORTAuthor Name: Anoop Kurian Mathew, Shaul Hameed, Nadah Najeeb Rawther, Jeethumol Shaji
Abstract: Idiopathic facial paralysis, also known as Bell’s Palsy is one of the common facial nerve . It is the neuropathy of the peripheral branch of seventh cranial nerve (facial nerve) which has a sudden onset. It usually results from trauma, compression, infection or any metabolic abnormalities. However, in most of the cases no etiology is identified and the conclusive diagnosis is idiopathic. Here we report one such case of facial paralysis with defective speech and heaviness of left side of the face and application of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation [TENS] therapy on this patient.
Keywords: Idiopathic facial paralysis, TENS therapy
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CLINICAL INNOVATION - INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUE TO ENGAGE ELASTICS ON ARCHWIRES FOR ANTERIOR INTRUSION WITH TADSAuthor Name: Jacob Joseph, Prasanth P. S., Hemant Nandan, Vignesh Varma
Abstract: The aim of the manuscript is to introduce a new simplified method to substitute crimpable hooks on archwires to engage vertical elastics for intrusion of anterior teeth using Temporary Anchorage Devices (TAD)
Keywords: Anterior intrusion, elastics