Download Full Journal
Original Research Article
THE INFLUENCE OF LOCAL FACTORS ON EARLY DENTAL IMPLANT FAILURE - FIVE YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDYAuthor Name: Alhamdani Faaiz Y., Abdulla Emad H.
in the last decade, dental
implant treatment is becoming more popular in middle East countries. The
reasonable cost of dental implants, a wide range of dental implant products,
and the competitiveness of private dental centers have played a role in this
positive attitude toward dental implant treatment. This resulted in a
relatively high turnover of dental implant patients in the private dental
sector. More data are now becoming available to study different aspects of
dental implant treatment in both governmental and private sectors. One of the
important areas of dental implant research is the study of dental implant
Objective: To identify local factors, which might contribute to early dental implant failure
Materials and methods: Information from 196 Iraqi patients who attended Basamat Private Dental Center in Baghdad from 7.1.2016 to 30.4.2020 were recorded. Biographic and clinical data were reviewed. The judgment on early failure is based on implant mobility at the second-step surgery or the prosthetic part delivery visit.
Results: The highest level of failure is noticed in immediate implant cases. Out of 67 cases in the upper anterior region. It was not statistically significant, though (p= 0.052). Chi-Square Test, also, did not show a statistically significant relationship between early dental implant failure and the dental implant zone ( p=0.369 respectively).
Conclusion: It appears that there is no stand-alone local factor that causes early implant failure. Human error could be considered a contributing factor. More technically challenging cases increase the likelihood of early dental implant failure.
Keywords: dental implant, dental implant failure, early dental implant failure, local factors
STRATEGIES FOR OPTIMIZING INTERIM INFECTION PREVENTION IN PEDIATRIC DENTAL PRACTICE DURING THE COVID-19 RESPONSEAuthor Name: Nithya Annie Thomas, R. Rajesh Nimmy Sabu, Justin Jobe
Abstract: COVID-19 viral transmission via dental procedures warrant the need to execute certain specific protocols to be strictly followed to reduce the risk and spread of the infection. This narrative compte rendu scrutinizes and suggests the modification in patient management, clinical practice, introduction of devices during the COVID-19 pandemic and the road ahead with reference to pediatric dentistry
Keywords: COVID-19 , children , infection control, pediatric dentists
VOICE AS A DIAGNOSTIC TOOLAuthor Name: Adette Mariyam Alexander, Afnan Rahim Alifna M M, Ammu P Paul, Subramaniam R Jesline Merly James, Suneesh Kuruvilla
Abstract: Detection of diseases using voice analysis is a current research topic in medical engineering. It is a reliable, efficient, economic, and easy to use method. It also helps to detect the disease at its earlier stage. Voice analysis is done with the help of tools such as electroglottography, acoustic analysis, and spectral analysis. Voice analysis has been used in diagnosing conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, mild cognitive impairment, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. This review provides an overview of voice analysis, tools used for the analysis of voice, applications of voice analysis in diagnosing medical conditions and potential prospects in the field of dentistry,
Keywords: Voice analysis, acoustic analysis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, cognitive impairment, Oral cancer.
THE IMPORTANCE OF GENERAL EXAMINATION IN TEMPORO MANDIBULAR DISORDER PATIENTSAuthor Name: Meera Mathai, Alana Paul, Divya Nair
Abstract: The Temporomandibular disorders or TMD is a less discussed topic in dentistry, as the diagnostic and treatment protocols are still controversial. The diagnosis is usually made when the patient reports with clicking or pain around the joint. But mandible, as part of the postural chain, also has some effect on the general health that needs to be addressed. The systemic symptoms like headaches, neck aches, spasm of the floor of the mouth, various otalgic symptoms etc has to be taken care of. But correlating these, facts for the diagnosis of TMD is very important. This helps to approach the TMD treatment in the perspective of multi disciplinary fashion.
Keywords: Temporomandibular joint disorder, headaches, neck aches, posture imbalance
LASERS IN PROSTHODONTICS- A REVIEWAuthor Name: Aathira Kuruvilla, Pinky Varghese
Abstract: The introduction of lasers in the field of prosthodontics has replaced many conventional surgical and technical procedures with more efficient and predictable outcomes. Although lasers were introduced in dentistry as early as the 1960s it gained widespread popularity mainly in the developed countries only from the early 90s.Laser technology has advanced much to equip the present day dentists with a wide range of therapeutic applications. The aim of this review is to describe the current and emerging applications for lasers in prosthetic dentistry.
Keywords: Lasers, prosthodontics
KEEN’S APPROACH FOR REDUCTION OF ZYGOMATIC ARCH FRACTURE - A CASE REPORTAuthor Name: Sanjith P. Salim
Abstract: The jutted out position of zygomatic bone increases it’s frequency of fracture in maxillofacial trauma. Zygomatic arch is formed by the zygomatic process of temporal bone and the temporal process of zygomatic bone. Isolated zygomatic arch fractures accounts for approximately 10 percent from literature of all zygomatic bone fractures. The detrimental effect of depressed zygomatic arch fracture includes trismus due to the impingement of the fractured fragments on the coronoid process. Literature provides many techniques like Gillie’s temporal approach, Keen’s approach, anterior cheek skin incision and direct open approach. Here we present a case report of isolated zygomatic arch fracture following trauma from wooden piece which accidentally struck on the face in a middle-aged man which was surgically managed by open reduction through Keen’s intraoral approach. Successful reduction of fractured segments and normalcy of function was regained with zero extra oral scarring, minimum post-operative pain, satisfactory aesthetics and normal satisfactory mouth opening.
Keywords: zygomatic arch, Keen’s approach, fracture
SUBCUTANEOUS EMPHYSEMA FOLLOWING DENTAL PROCEDURE - CASE REPORTAuthor Name: Joju George, Manju Mary K
Abstract: Subcutaneous emphysema is an uncommon but potential complication following dental procedures. Unlike subcutaneous emphysema in medical cases where the escape of air from lung alveoli or gastrointestinal system is the common cause, in dentistry it is iatrogenic. In this article, we present a case of subcutaneous emphysema following a dental procedure that involved buccal space, infraorbital space, and periorbital region. The possible differential diagnoses, complications, and management of cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema are also discussed.
Keywords: Subcutaneous emphysema is an uncommon but potential complication following dental procedures. Unlike subcutaneous emphysema in medical cases where the escape of air from lung alveoli or gastrointestinal system is the common cause, in dentistry it is iatrogenic. In this article, we present a case of subcutaneous emphysema following a dental procedure that involved buccal space, infraorbital space, and periorbital region. The possible differential diagnoses, complications, and management of cervic