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Original Research Article
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF GREEN TEA LEAVES AND LEAVES COMMONLY ADDED TO GREEN TEA PREPARATIONS,AGAINST COMMON PERIODONTAL PATHOGENS- AN IN VITRO STUDYAuthor Name: Suneesh Kuruvilla, Ashbin Paul, Ashique Manzoor, Akhil Sas, Derin George, Rohit Krishna, Priya Babu, Subramaniam R
Abstract: Background: Periodontal disease, a chronic inflammatory disease resulting in progressive attachment and alveolar bone loss, is, after dental caries, one of the most important oral diseases contributing to the global burden of chronic disease. India is one of the largest consumers of tea. Green tea market has been steadily increasing in India due to the proven health benefits. Various studies have shown the beneficial effects of green tea on cardiovascular diseases, obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study was conducted with an objective of evaluating the in vitro antimicrobial activity of Camellia sinensis, Ocimum tenuiflorum, Mentha arvensis, Moringa olifera and Citrus limon leaves on Po r p h y r o m o n a s g i n g i v a l is a n d Ag g r e g a ti b a c t e r actinomycetemcomitans. Methodology:The study was an in-vitro study. The fresh leaves of Camellia sinensis, Ocimum tenuiflorum, Mentha arvensis, Moringa olifera and Citrus limon were obtained and were sundried and powdered. Solvent extracts were prepared with methanol by maceration technique. Antibacterial activity was assessed using the agar well diffusion assay and minimum inhibitory concentration was assessed using the serial tube dilution technique. Results: It was observed that the maximum zone of inhibition against Porphyromonas gingivalis was demonstrated by 0.2% chlorhexidine (positive control), followed by Moringa olifera and Camellia sinensis. Against Aggregatibac ter ac tino mycetemcomitans, 0.2% chlorhexidine (positive control) demonstrated the maximum antibacterial activity, followed by Camellia sinensis. Moringa olifera. Conclusion: The study showed that all the five extracts used in the study demonstrated antibacterial activity against both the periodontal pathogens.
Keywords: Camellia sinensis, Ocimum tenuiflorum, Mentha arvensis, Moringa olifera, Citrus limon, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans.
ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE AND STEWARDSHIP IN THE CONTEXT OF COVID 19 PANDEMIC:A REVIEWAuthor Name: Thara Chandran, Jesline Merly James, Shabna G S
Abstract: The advancements in the field of medicine both in terms of drugs and equipment have played a vital role in improving the quality of life of man. Even when the judicious and wise administration of antimicrobials have reduced mortality and morbidity saving the lives of millions, the introduction and continuous use of antibiotics have put forward a serious concern of emergence of resistant strains. This review gives an insight into the concept of antibiotic resistance and stewardship the context of COVID 19 pandemic.
Keywords: Antibiotic stewardship, COVID 19, prevention
NOISE POLLUTION- AN UNDER DIAGNOSED POTENTIAL OCCUPATIONAL HAZARD IN DENTISTRYAuthor Name: Gis George, Jesline Merly James, Shahna N, Nazia Rasheed
Abstract: In this world of advanced technology and industrialisation, one of the biggest health hazard faced by human beings is noise pollution. The chronic inevitable exposure to noise at work places leads gradually to Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL). The prevalence of this disorder would be more among dental professionals as they work in an unhealthy acoustic environment created by the noises of the dental operatory. This is a totally preventable disease when the dentists receive adequate health education and undergo regular screening tests. Along with this proper environmental and administrative controls need to be administered in the dental setting. This paper gives a review of the unaddressed health hazard noise pollution, its impacts and preventive methods in a dental environment.
Keywords: noise, noise pollution, dental, environment
LIP STAT, A NEW HORIZON IN PERIODONTICS: A CASE REPORTAuthor Name: Dr Mathew John, Dr Binsi U,Dr Ancy Esther Rose
Abstract: Excessive gingival display (EGD) is a complex aesthetic problem which has a multitude of underlying aetiologies, therefore must be treated in a sequential manner . Recent advances have seen the introduction and usage of a novel technique called lip repositioning, either alone or in conjunction with existing methods. It can be used in certain cases as an easier, less complicated alternative to major surgical methods providing a pleasant satisfactory camouflage effect with lower morbidity. This case report presents the preparatory and surgical steps used to treat a 21-year-old female patient with EGD using lip repositioning technique as an alternative to invasive surgery with satisfactory results that has been stable for 1 months.
Keywords: Aesthetics, gummy smile, vertical maxillary excess, hyperactive upper lip, plastic surgery, lip repositioning surgery.
PRECISION ATTACHMENTS RETAINED REMOVABLE PARTIAL DENTURES-A CLINICAL REPORTAuthor Name: Nazia Rasheed, Suja Joseph
Abstract: Among the numerous treatment options available to replace missing teeth, a removable partial denture with semi-precision attachment system has been well accepted and considered as a beneficial prosthesis. It integrates the features of both fixed and removable partial denture, thereby providing improved stability, retention and better cosmetic appeal. This case report discusses the use of a precision attachment to retain a maxillary bilateral distal extension removable partial denture. Precision attachments add new dimensions to conventional removable partial dentures.
Keywords: attachments overlay/overdentures hybrid dentures snap fasteners
AESTHETIC REHABILITATION OF SPACING IN MAXILLARY ANTERIORS WITH INDIRECT CERAMIC VENEER- A CASE REPORTAuthor Name: Bijo Kurian, Sijo P Mathew
Abstract: The introduction of esthetic dentistry has drastically changed the field of smile designs. Advancements in restorative techniques favors the implementation of functional and esthetical smiles. Various treatment options include esthetic space closure using composite resins, orthodontic space closure, or both. This case report discusses the management of spacing of maxillary anterior teeth using ceramic veneers.
Keywords: Veneer, aesthetic rehabilitation, anteriors